Concrete Pouring

Types of Concrete Grade, Their Uses and Strengths

Numerous architectural wonders worldwide are supported by concrete, a crucial building element that provides the base for any structure. Concrete mixes can be categorized as a result of the composition’s adaptability to different needs. Typically, it is divided into many categories according to its durability, strength, and intended uses. From solid foundations to attractive paths, any construction project can benefit immensely from knowing the distinct types of concrete grades, their uses, and their respective strengths.

Further, concerning concrete mixes, these divisions are denoted by a ‘C’ – a number, such as C10, C15, C20, and so on. Let’s explore in detail what this symbolizes.

What Exactly Do Concrete Grades Mean?

Grade of concrete refers to the lowest strength that concrete must have after 28 days of manufacturing with adequate quality control. The intended strength in MPa is prefixed with the letter M to indicate the concrete grades. For instance, a concrete quality with a 20 MPa strength would be M20. Here, ‘M’ depicts “Mix.”

This concrete grade is transformed into several mix ratios. For example, the ratio of M20 concrete, cement, sand, and coarse particles (aggregates) will be 1:1.5:3.

What are Concrete Mix Ratios?

The concrete mix ratio dramatically influences the quality of the final concrete pour. These ratios include cement, water, sand, and aggregate, among other ingredients. For various concrete grades, the blend proportion varies, directly affecting properties like:

  • Strength
  • Workability
  • Durability

What Does the Letter ‘C’ in Concrete Mix Denote?

The letter ‘C’ indicates the Compressive Strength category of the concrete in the vocabulary for concrete mixes. This letter, followed by the appropriate number, represents the concrete’s capacity to withstand compressive forces without failing. Further, stronger concrete grades have higher ‘C’ values.

After the curation days, concrete grade mixtures show the concrete’s strength in escalating numbers of 5, starting at 10 to onwards. For instance:

  • C10 has 10 Newtons of strength
  • C15 contains 15 Newtons of strength
  • C20 contains 20 Newtons of strength, and the list goes on!

What Affects Concrete Strength?

Multiple factors can influence the composition, quality, and result of robustness of the concrete. Some major ones include:

Cement-to-Water Ratio

Water-cement ratio greatly influences the overall concrete strength. Maintaining the proper balance during mixing is essential since a lower ratio increases the stability and resilience of the structure.


Also, aggregate size and quality have an impact on the strength of concrete. Higher stability is a result of properly bonded aggregates with good grading.


Concrete’s strength and workability improve when you add ingredients to it, like fly ash and silica fume.

Concrete Grades: Diverse Applications

The versatility of concrete grades and the accompanying compressive strengths of different concrete classes are what give them their adaptability. From simple to complicated projects, choosing the right concrete grade guarantees the longevity and structural soundness of the building.

Besides, the various applications highlight concrete’s crucial function in forming contemporary infrastructures.

Residential Construction

For building residential foundations, floors, and walkways, regular concrete works best. It hits a perfect harmony spot between affordability and sufficient strength.

Commercial Construction

Commercial projects, such as high-rises and shopping centers, require high-strength concrete. It can support large loads and withstand everyday wear and tear.

Infrastructure Projects

Besides infrastructure Projects, UHPC is essential to the construction of tunnels and bridges. Further, longevity is guaranteed despite challenging environments, thanks to its unrivaled strength.

Categories of Concrete

Generally, concrete grades are broadly divided into three categories ranging from lowest to highest strength.

Standard Concrete (Grade 20 – Grade 25)

Standard concrete offers sufficient support for routine applications with a compressive strength of about 20 to 25 MPa. It is also the best for domestic construction projects, including:

  • Driveways
  • Pavements
  • Foundations

High-Strength Concrete (Grade 30 – Grade 50)

Further, concrete with high strength is used for bridges and commercial structures. It ensures structural integrity and is capable of withstanding larger loads and harder possibilities. Besides, the strength range of this division ranges from Grade 30 to 50 MPa.

Ultra-High-Performance Concrete (UHPC) (Grade 60+)

UHPC is a ground-breaking substance with strengths greater than 60 MPa. It is used in projects that demand extremely high endurance, such as:

  • Precast panels
  • Architectural masterpieces

Popularly Used Concrete Grades Around The World

The following are the most commonly used concrete grades around the world. Let’s delve into each concrete grade’s types, specifics, and uses.

C10 Concrete Mix Ratio

The least strong of all concrete mixes, C10 is a versatile mix with a low cement percentage. It’s a well-liked option for smaller jobs because of how simple and affordable it is to utilize.

Standard Mix Ratio:

The C10 Concrete mix ratio typically consists of:

  • 1 part cement
  • 4 parts aggregate
  • 2 parts sand


C10 concrete is appropriate where strength is not the utmost and primary consideration, like small home, commercial, and agricultural projects. Due to its lesser strength, C10 concrete is perfect for non-structural uses like:

  • Garden paths
  • Floor blinding
  • Patio slabs
  • Pathways, etc.

C15 Concrete Mix Ratio

Compared to C10, C15 concrete has a little bit higher strength. It’s a fantastic option for projects requiring a moderate load-bearing capacity due to its improved durability and strength.

Standard Mix Ratio:

This mix ratio typically incorporates:

  • 1 part cement
  • 3 parts aggregate
  • 2 parts sand


In household construction settings, the C15 Concrete mix ratio is a common option. Also, it is appropriate for uses like driveways and fence posts. Many building professionals prefer C15 concrete grades for house flooring, conservatories, and sheds. They are also perfect for tiny walls and paving stairs.

C20 Concrete Mix Ratio

For ground-bearing slabs and house foundations, the C20 concrete mix ratio is frequently employed to strike a balance between strength and workability. Due to its adaptability and dependability, this grade has become the standard option for private or residential buildings.

Check out this blog: How to Test the Strength of C20 Concrete Mix

Standard Mix Ratio:

The mix ratio integrates:

  • 1 part cement
  • 2.5 parts aggregate
  • 2 parts sand


The most frequently used concrete for indoor flooring projects is C20 concrete, as long as the building’s structure isn’t too weighty. It works well for household flooring and foundations because there will be less structural weight there. Besides, you can also use it for:

  • Workshop bases
  • Garages
  • Driveways (for normally-weighed vehicles)
  • Internal floor slabs

C25 Concrete Mix Ratio

With its improved strength, C25 concrete is useful for structural components like beams and columns. Because of its potency and capacity to support heavy loads, it is essential to building sturdy infrastructures.

StandardMix Ratio:

The mix ratio comprises:

  • 1 part cement
  • 2 parts aggregate
  • 1.5 parts sand


For foundation work, C25 concrete mix ratio is a reliable and all-purpose blend. It is also strong enough to support huge, heavy-weight structures. Moreover, manufacturers can utilize it in a variety of general construction projects to enhance support. All thanks to its suitable strength for the purpose!

However, it is best for domestic usage than for commercial endeavors.

C30 Concrete Mix Ratio

It is an especially robust concrete mixture that works well for a variety of demanding scenarios or larger-scale projects. C30 concrete mix ratio boasts even higher strength and stability. Instead of a household environment, it is more frequently encountered in commercial enterprises. This is a result of the toughness, resilience, and good resistance to adverse conditions of this concrete grade.

StandardMix Ratio:

This mix ratio frequently includes:

  • 1 part cement
  • 2 parts aggregate
  • 1 part sand


C30 concrete mix ratio finds versatile applications in construction because of its:

  • Workability
  • Resistance to cracking
  • Long-lastingness

With its medium strength grade, it’s commonly used for structural elements like beams and columns in buildings. Also, it is ideal for architectural finishes and suitable for:

  • Pavements
  • Driveways
  • Patios

In fact, all places enduring heavy traffic and environmental exposure!

In civil engineering, C30 concrete forms the basis for constructing retaining walls and foundations. Moreover, it’s favored in precast concrete products such as pipes and blocks. C30’s adaptability and strength make it a cornerstone material in the construction industry, serving as a fundamental component.

C35 Concrete Mix Ratio

C35 concrete is a fantastic option for a variety of uses since it can handle significant pressure. Further, it is incredibly resistant to wear and tear. C35 concrete can endure the stresses put on it by big large-scale structures.

Standard Mix Ratio:

It exhibits a meticulous mix ratio of:

  • 1 part cement
  • 1.5 parts aggregate
  • 1 part sand


C35 concrete mix ratio, characterized by its higher strength compared to C30, finds diverse applications in constructing heavy-duty industrial floors, warehouses, and bridge decks, where structural integrity is crucial. It provides the necessary strength to support the structure’s weight. In infrastructure projects, such as roads and highways, C35 concrete is employed for pavements and curbs due to its resistance to wear and tear from vehicular traffic.

C35 concrete mix ratio is a tough substance mostly operated in commercial contexts. Stronger, deeper foundations are typically required for taller constructions. For this, C35 Concrete grades can be a great choice. This heavy concrete mix is usually used for:

  • External walls
  • Slabs
  • Structural Piling, etc.

Additionally, it’s utilized in marine construction for docks and seawalls, thanks to its resilience against water exposure. C35’s versatility and robustness promise long-lasting and reliable results.

C40 Concrete Mix Ratio

Out of all the concrete grades, C40 has the strongest concrete mix!

Critical structures are where the C40 concrete mix ratio, which embodies outstanding strength, finds its place. This type of concrete is typically used in large-scale construction projects for foundations in high-traffic areas. Besides, it is essential for building monumental structures due to its:

  • Great load-bearing capacity
  • Structural integrity

StandardMix Ratio:

The mix ratio contains:

  • 1 part cement
  • 1.25 parts aggregate
  • 1 part sand


C40 concrete mix ratio, acknowledged for its outstanding strength and durability, is pivotal in construction across a wide spectrum of applications. This high-strength concrete is typically employed in the development of critical infrastructure such as bridges, tunnels, and dams. After all, it can withstand tremendous loads and rugged environmental circumstances.

  • C40, the strongest substance on our list, is also capable of fighting chemical corrosion, making it a popular option for use in septic tanks.
  • You can also use them on farms where slurry may lead to structural damage.
  • Also, in the commercial and industrial sectors, C40 is used for constructing foundations of tall buildings and heavy machinery platforms.
  • Its robustness lets us use it for precast concrete products like railway sleepers and utility poles.
  • Moreover, C40 is preferred for assignments requiring high-performance concrete surfaces, including airport runways and industrial flooring.

Its versatility and strength make C40 an indispensable component for engineering structures requiring top-tier performance and longevity.

Bottom Line

Concrete grades serve as the foundation of modern buildings and are distinguished by their mix ratios and strengths. Architects, engineers, and builders make well-informed judgments about concrete that provide the foundation for safety and stability by recognizing its special properties and applications.

Whether it’s a simple garden path or an impressive tower, the right concrete grade acts as the foundation for architectural beauty.

Where Can I Buy The Best Concrete Mix Ratio?

Pro-Mix Concrete the best concrete supplier in UK, is your partner in achieving construction excellence, whether it be for home projects or grand structures. With a heritage of excellence, we stand as a trusted name in the manufacturing industry. Also, our high-end concrete grades are expertly built to provide unparalleled performance and robustness. Discover the difference today and progress with confidence!